You can share individual records by setting all of the fields in the form to "Read-only". Users will be able to preview a record, but not edit it.
Click on "Bulk Actions" in your form's settings (under "Form Fields").
Mark all of the fields as read-only.
Go to "Open form" -> "Edit Records" (Note: even though the button is called "Edit", in your case users will only be able to view the records, but not edit them).
Copy the formula and then add it as a new formula field in your table.
When all the fields are set as read-only, the 'submit' button will be hidden.
Setting all fields on the form as read-only will allow you to achieve the same result as using this extension: Share Public Link for Individual Airtable Record.